Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Arabian Gulf and Saudi Arabia.
Geography: strategic location in central Arabian Gulf near major petroleum deposits.
Area: total: 11,437 sq km, land: 11,437 sq km, water: 0 sq km.
Industries: crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair.
Languages:Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language.
National Holiday: Independence Day, 3 September (1971); also observed is National Day, 18 December.
Currency (Code): Qatari rial (QAR).
Population: 2,967,717 Note: includes 577,293 non-nationals (July 2010 est.).
Labor force: 968,800 Note: about 60% of the labor force is non-national (2007).