|Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula.|
Geography: controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
Area: total: 1,001,450 sq km, land: 995,450 sq km, water: 6,000 sq km.
Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures.
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes.
National Holiday: Revolution Day, 23 July (1952).
Currency (Code): Egyptian pound (EGP).
Population: 80,471,869 (July 2010 est.)
Labor force: 26.1 million (2009 est.).