Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea.
Geography: largest country in Africa; dominated by the Nile and its tributaries.
Area: total: 2,505,810 sq km, land: 2.376 million sq km, water: 129,810 sq km.
Industries: oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly.
Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
National Holiday: Independence Day, 1 January (1956) .
Currency (Code): Sudanese pounds (SDG)
Population: 43,939,598 (July 2010 est.)
Labor force: 11.92 million (2007 est.)