Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen.
Geography: extensive coastlines on Arabian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Arabian Gulf and Suez Canal.
Area: total: 2,149,690 sq km, Land: 2,149,690 sq km, Water: 0 sq km.
Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction.
National Holiday: Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September (1932).
Currency (Code): Saudi riyal (SAR)
Population: 25,731,776 note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2010 est.).
Labor force: 7.337 million note: about 80% of the labor force is non-national (2010 est.)